Ports are maritime facilities located close to water bodies, primarily seas, oceans, and rivers, where ships load and unload passengers and goods. For carrying out port activities, they have wharves, docks, and piers as well as transportation and handling tools like cranes, tugboats, and other things.
A shipping port may be a man-made structure or a natural harbor. There are 5 Types of sea ports used for shipping: inland, dry, fishing, warm water, and seaports.
Types of Shipping sea ports
1. Inland Ports
Inland port is a port located on an inland waterway, such as a river, lake, or canal, which may or may not be connected to the ocean. A dry port is referred to as an “inland port” as well. Usually describes a center for logistics and distribution that is located inland from coastal seaports.
They are domestic ports with connections to seaports and facilitate the consolidation of import and distribution tasks at a single location, allow for additional warehousing space away from seaports, and provide ample storage space. They also contribute to reducing congestion at seaports. They can serve as temporary warehouse facilities and buffers in supply chains.
Using the inland port approach, containers can be transported by truck over shorter distances before being staged at the intermodal yard and loaded onto trains that can transport hundreds of containers in a single journey.
2. Fishing Ports
A port that consists of land with surrounding waters and specific borders used for government activity and fisheries business system activity. This location is used for fishery vessels to moor, dock, and/or load and unload fish equipped with navigation safety and fisheries support activity.
3. Warm Water Ports
It is a port where the water does not freeze during the winter. It is used to describe regions of the world with consistently cold winters, where portions of the shoreline freeze over. Warm-water ports can be very important from a geopolitical or economic standpoint because they are accessible all year.
Settlements like Kushiro in Japan, Kushiro in China, Valdez at the end of the Alaska Pipeline, Murmansk, Novorossiysk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, and Vostochny Port in Russia, as well as Dalian in China and Odesa in Ukraine, owe their very survival on being ice-free ports.
4. Dry Ports
A dry port is an intermodal terminal located inland that is directly connected to a seaport by road or rail and serves as a hub for the transshipment of maritime cargo to locations inside of the country.
5. Sea Ports
A seaport is a port that is located by the side of an ocean or sea. It is further divided into “cruise ports” and “freight ports.”
- Cruse ports
Cruse ports is the kind of port oversees the operations of cruise ships. It offers a place for passengers to board and exit cruises, respectively, at the start and finish of their journeys. The necessary supplies for an opulent cruise vacation can also be found at the home port of the cruise ship.
- Cargo Ports
Cargo ports may be built to handle both single and many product categories. To load or unload the consignment, numerous mechanical procedures are used in cargo ports.
What Are Port Facilities?
- Special warehouse
Is available at all ports to store shipments and keep supply levels up.
- b) Port Reception:
The port reception serves as a map for the port facilities and contains information on all scheduled cargo.
- d) Fishing facilities:
Fishing ports offer amenities and fishing equipment to consumers.
- e) Warm water facility:
Even in the freezing winters, warm water is available thanks to a larger warm water port that generates more cash.
- f) Loading and Unloading Facility:
Every port must have a facility for the loading and unloading of cargo and passengers onto ships.
- g) Infrastructure and Equipment:
To store different ferry equipment, a port contains piers, basins, stacking or storage facilities, and warehouses. Every port is outfitted with necessary machinery, such as hauling tools, draggers, cranes, trucks, loaders, etc.
Sea ports serve as a key component for a region’s social and economic development. Because they facilitate trade and act as a center for social interaction, to learn more about the development and the history of trade you can also check how did the Silk Road influence trade?